Polycystic Ovarian Disorder (PCOD) is one of the most common hormonal disorders in women. It is a complex condition that affects the ovaries, largely brought about as a result of hormonal imbalances. It affects up to 10% of all India women between the ages of 15 to 50. PCOD is caused due to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. It is a complex condition, making it tough to diagnose, as symptoms vary widely from woman to woman. It is important to understand and recognise both early- and late-onset symptoms. PCOD signs and symptoms often begin soon after a woman first begins having periods and develops gradually. However in some cases, PCOD develops later during the reproductive years. There are many signs and symptoms, which show on and affect every woman a little differently. There are 3 primary symptoms to track and look out of for, which first indicate the onset of PCOD;
o This is the most common characteristic of PCOD. o Menstrual intervals that last longer than 35 days; having fewer than 8 period cycles in a year; failure to menstruate for four months or longer; and prolonged periods that may be scant or heavy.
o Elevated levels of male hormones may result in physical signs, such as excessive facial and body hair, adult acne of severe adolescent acne, and male-pattern baldness
o Ovaries become enlarged and contain numerous small cysts surrounding the eggs. Other symptoms that may or may not occur in all women, but are important to look out for, include;
Since the exact cause of PCOD remains unknown, it is tough to prevent. Early diagnosis is therefore critical to avoid further developing additional medical risks connected to PCOD, such as diabetes, high BP and heart disease. Know your symptoms now!