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Dengue Alert


Health Clinic in Delhi NCR

Dengue Alert

 

Monsoon is much welcome after the scorching summer, but it also comes with its fair share of diseases. The most widespread of these is Dengue.

Global Impact

A recent study on the prevalence of dengue estimated that 3.9 billion people, in 128 countries, are at risk of infection with dengue viruses. In 2015, Delhi alone reported more than 15,000 cases of dengue infection, highest in the last 10 years.

As technology and healthcare have made tremendous improvements in the recent years, the fatality rate has been brought down from 20% to less than 1%. Dengue claimed 225 lives in 2015 in India.

What is Dengue

Dengue is caused by the bite of the Aedes specie of Mosquito and one bite is enough to give you the deadly disease.

The Dengue Virus travels around in your body attacking your White Blood Cells and compromising your Immune system. As the Virus develops and reproduces, it leads to low protein, low albumin, fluid in the lungs, fluid in the stomach area, low blood pressure, shock and eventually death.

Death occurs in very rare and complicated cases, so you don’t have to panic, but you have to be careful. The trick is in getting diagnosed early and taking the right medication.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Dengue are similar to those of Flu and can take 3 days to 2 weeks to show up. Fever is the first thing to affect you as the body increases its temperature to kill the Virus. Headache and a dull, deep pain behind the eyes follow soon. The Virus also attacks capillaries, the smallest veins in your body, which results in internal bleeding and low blood pressure.

Here are some common symptoms that show up if you have dengue. At first, they might seem mild but can develop into greater problems if left untreated.

 

Common Symptoms to look out for

  • Sudden, high fever

  • Severe headaches

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • Severe joint and muscle pain

  • Fatigue

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Skin rash

  • Bleeding

 

Prevention

As they say, prevention is better than cure; more so when it’s Dengue. There is no vaccine to protect you from the Dengue virus, so the best way to prevent it is to destroy all mosquito breeding places. Lesser the mosquito population, lower the chances of catching the Dengue virus. It is also essential to take other measures to protect yourself and your family.

Apart from knowing what to do, it also important to know what not to do if you have dengue symptoms/fever. Here are some tips which will come handy this monsoon.

 

Do’s and Don’ts 

Do’s

Don’ts

Prevent mosquitos from breeding

Don’t keep windows open

Use Mosquito repellent creams and vaporizers

Do not self-medicate.

Use Mosquito nets

Do not take Aspirin, Brufen or Ibuprofen

Clean water cooler, water tanks, flower vases etc. frequently

Do not wait till symptoms manifest.

If you have Dengue fever, drink plenty of fluids, especially those which are rich in vitamin C and rest.

Avoid wearing short sleeved clothes or shorts

Visit the doctor at the earliest.

 

 

Treatment

There is no specific medication to treat Dengue infection. If you feel you have Dengue fever, you should visit a doctor and take their prescribed medicines. You should also take rest and drink plenty of fluids. It is best to visit the doctor at the earliest before Dengue becomes complicated.

Spread awareness in your locality and enjoy monsoon responsibly. Happy monsoon!

 

Sources:

World Health Organization
CDC Stanford University
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India