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Hypertension


 

Blood pressure is the force with which blood pushes against the artery walls. Each time the heart beats, pressure is created inside the arteries. When the pressure is high, it is called hypertension. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.

How is blood pressure measured?

Both the systolic and diastolic pressures are recorded as "mm Hg" (millimeters of mercury). A blood pressure of less than 120/80 mm HG is considered normal. A single high level of blood pressure does not indicate a problem. It is only after measuring blood pressure over several days and weeks, that a diagnosis of hypertension can be made.

 

Systolic pressure

It is the pressure inside the artery when the heart contracts and pumps blood through the body. This is represented by the top number.

Diastolic pressure

It is the pressure inside the artery when the heart is at rest and filling up with blood. This is the bottom number.

 

Factors that can raise your risk of developing primary hypertension what causes high blood pressure?

  • age – the risk increases as you get older
  • a family history of high blood pressure 
  • high amount of salt in your food 
  • lack of exercise
  • being overweight or obese
  • smoking and alcohol

Prevention and treatment

People with high blood pressure should have their blood pressure monitored routinely and be under the care of a physician, who may prescribe medication. 

 
 
 

 

 

Losing weight if you need to

Reducing the amount of salt you eat

Exercising regularly

Eating a healthy diet

Cutting back if you drink too much alcohol

Cutting down on caffeine

Stopping smokingTreatment

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